Posted on: October 24, 2016
Program Summary: This program equips individual police officers with body-worn cameras to record police encounters during shifts. The program aims to reduce use-of-force incidents and citizen complaints by increasing mutual accountability. The program is rated Promising. There was a significant reduction in police use-of-force, but no significant difference in citizens’ complaints.
Program Summary: This program was designed to provide a community service alternative to short custodial sentences for inmates, with the goal of improving measures of recidivism (reconviction) and social integration (marriage/employment). This program is rated No Effects. There were no significant, long-term effects on reconviction and social integration.
Program Summary: This is a school-based intervention designed to help students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develop, practice, and generalize academic and social skills by using volunteer mentors to deliver skills training to students. This program is rated as No Effects. Academic functioning and parent/teacher ratings of student behavior reflecting ADHD symptoms did not differ significantly for youths in the intervention group, compared with the control group.
Program Summary: This is an after-school intervention designed to help students with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) develop, practice, and generalize academic and social skills by using volunteer mentors to deliver skills training to students. This program is rated as No Effects. Academic functioning and parent/teacher ratings of student behavior reflecting ADHD symptoms did not differ significantly between youths in the intervention group and those in the control group.
Program Summary: This is a tutoring intervention designed to improve reading and math skills among 14- to 15-year old youths in foster care who were 1 to 3 years behind grade level in reading and/or math. The program also aimed to build a mentoring relationship between the youth and the tutor and provide access to independent living workshops. This program is rated No Effects. There were no significant differences between the intervention and control groups on any of the outcomes assessed.
Program Summary: This is a crisis-response program in which police connect female victims of intimate partner violence with a social service provider, via telephone, at the scene of a domestic violence dispute. The program is rated Promising. When compared with the control group, program participants reported experiencing less violence at follow up. Participants were also more likely to receive an order of protection, and to contact domestic violence services.
Program Summary: This was a two-phase reentry program with an overall goal of reducing recidivism and improving inmates’ transition into the community. Phase 1 provided inmates with in-jail programming and services to prepare them for release. Phase 2 provided inmates with up to 12 months of supportive services in the community. The program was rated Effective. Program participants had a 10 percent chance of rearrest, compared with a 34 percent chance for the comparison group.
Program Summary: This was a mandatory jail reentry program with an overall goal of reducing recidivism and improving inmates’ transition into the community. The program connected inmates to Reentry Probation Officers to help with pre-release reentry planning and continued supervision following release. The program was rated No Effects. No statistically significant differences were found between program participants and the comparison group on probation violations and probability of rearrest.
Practice Summary: This practice includes universal-level prevention and intervention programs in schools that aim to reduce or prevent teen dating violence perpetration and victimization. The practice is rated Effective for reducing perpetration of teen dating violence and improving dating violence knowledge and attitudes. The practice is rated No Effects for reducing teen dating violence victimization.
Program Summary: A post-sentencing, driving-while-intoxicated (DWI) court intended to guide individuals identified as drug- or alcohol-addicted into treatment, which is designed to reduce criminal behavior and recidivism, enhance public safety, and enhance the well-being of program participants. This program is rated Promising. Results suggest that after 2 years, DWI court graduates and participants were significantly less likely to be rearrested than non-DWI court participants.
In the OJJDP-sponsored National Gang Center Fall 2016 Newsletter, the article, Female Delinquency and Effective Programs, highlights several CrimeSolutions.gov programs. Refer to pages 6 and 7 of their current issue for more information, https://www.nationalgangcenter.gov/Content/Newsletters/NGC-Newsletter-2016-Fall.pdf.
Dr. Gerstenblith also addresses the lack of strong evaluations of school safety programs that schools are implementing and invested in; and the opportunity that presents for the research community.
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